Urinary Incontinence In Dogs

older dogs may suffer from urinary incontinenceIncontinence in dogs is a medical condition in which dogs normally lose voluntary control over the action of voiding urine or feces. This medical circumstance is different from housetraining issues and submission urination, particularly in young dogs. For non medical conditions then Dog Training is the right course of action.  Incontinent dogs experience issues such as:

  • wet their beds or the place where they sleep
  • urinate in the house
  • occasionally salivate urine
  • urinate more repeatedly than normal.

Urine Odor and Skin Condition

There may be ammonia like smell from the dog’s bedding. In urinary incontinence in dogs, the skin around the penis or vulva may be blistered.

Types of Incontinence in Dogs

There are a number of types of urinary incontinence in dogs.

  • Hormone-Responsive Incontinence: Hormone-Responsive incontinence is most frequently found in dogs of middle age and older spayed females. This urinary problem is less common in young females and older sterilized male dogs. In females, it is caused by the insufficiency of estrogen and in males; it is caused by insufficiency of testosterone hormone as these hormones play a vital role in muscle tone of the urethral sphincter.  Hormone-Responsive incontinence usually happens when the dog is in a relaxed state or asleep and consquently wets it’s bedding.

Treatment: this disease is treated in sterilized females by giving phenylpropanolamine. Phenylpropanolamine is a medicine that acts on the sympathetic nervous system and may increase the tone of the urethral sphincter muscles. This drug is normally replaced by Diethylstilbestrol (estrogen) in case of no improvement. However, because of the risk of bone marrow destruction, diethylstilbestrol is not the first choice for treatment of incontinence in dogs.

Incontinence in sterilized males reacts well to treatments that increase testosterone levels. Phenylpropanolamine can also be used effectively in male dogs

  • Submissive Urination: in this reflex reaction the dog releases urine caused by contraction in muscles of wall of abdominal and relaxation of the urethra muscles. In stressful conditions dogs pass a small amount of urine and this condition is also termed as stress incontinence, commonly found in puppies.

Treatment: this can be treated by using phenylpropanolamine or other medicines that increase the tone of urethral muscles.  Keep stress aggravating connections low, and avoid bending over the dog or making direct eye contact with her. Do not punish the dog, as this makes the incontinence worse.

  • Neurogenic Incontinence: diseases like infections, inherited neuropathies, tumors and spinal cord injuries can affect the nerves that regulate the urinary bladder. A bladder with a compromised nerve resource lacks muscle tone and cannot contract. The bladder carries on filling up until the pressure overcomes the resistance of the sphincter mechanism that ends the urethra. This results in a discontinuous, unrestrained seepage of urine. The test for this disease is a cystometrogram which measures bladder function.

Treatment: Neurogenic incontinence is cured by catheterization for a very long period and usage of antibiotics is necessary to treat and overwhelm the infection. This kind of incontinence is problematic to treat.

  • Incontinence Caused by over-distension of the Bladder: In this kind of incontinence over urination occurs due to a partly congested bladder. This can be a result of urethral stones, a tumor, or infection. The symptoms are like the those of neurogenic incontinence, but in this disease nerve supply is normal to the bladder.

Treatment: Dribbling linked with an over swollen bladder is treated by removing the obstruction and insertion of a catheter until the bladder recovers its muscular tone to normal. Drug therapy is also helpful.